The Tasmanian Farmers and Graziers Association (TFGA) is the leading representative body for Tasmanian primary producers. TFGA members are responsible for generating approximately 80% of the value created by the Tasmanian agricultural sector.
The total Tasmanian gross state product (GSP) was $23.9 billion for the 2012 year. The GVP of agriculture, forestry and fishing collectively amounted to almost 9% of this total – before input supply services and value-adding, which is well above that for the nation as a whole.
The TFGA is grateful for the opportunity to make comment to the APVMAs project to finalise the establishment of an official Australian crop groups list.
The majority of crop groups and associated individual listings are fine, with the only exceptions are to add the crops pyrethrum and industrial hemp.
Pyrethrum is a natural plant product that is produced by the pyrethrum daisy, Tanacetum cinerariifolium, a member of the Asteraceae family. Australia grows approximately 60% of the world’s pyrethrum, the majority within Tasmania.
Pyrethrum is concentrated in the flower, with the key part being the seed. The crop is collected using a windrower that is typically used to harvest canola, and then the seed and straw is gathered using a combine harvester.
We would recommend pyrethrum sit within the crop group, oilseed. As it is similar to other crops within Tasmania that are in the same group, where the seed is used, namely canola and poppies.
Industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa L), also known as ‘Indian hemp’. Industrial hemp is commercially grown to harvest for its fibre or for its seed. Hemp is a tall, annual herbaceous plant which produces fibre and hurd (woody core) from the stem as well as oil from seed.
Harvesting of hemp for fibre occurs as soon as the last pollen is shed but before seed sets, which is normally about 70–90 days after planting. Harvesting for seed would occur 4–6 weeks later than fibre harvest, when 60–70% of the seed has ripened.
Industrial hemp is potentially a crop that will see more hectares grown in the future. Because of its dual purpose it could fit in the crop group oilseed or cereal grains.
Please contact the TFGA if you require any further information.